In this paper, a performance evaluation of well-known deep learning models in gait recognition is presented. For this purpose, the transfer learning scheme is adopted to pre-trained models in order to fit the models to the CASIA-B dataset for solving a gait recognition task. In this context, 18 popular Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), were re-trained using Gait Energy Images (GEIs) of CASIA-B containing almost 14000 images of 124 classes under various conditions and their performance was studied in terms of accuracy. Moreover, the performance of the studied models is managed to be explained by examining the parts of the images being considered by the models towards providing their decisions. The experimental results are very promising, since almost all the models achieved a high accuracy over 90%, which is robust to the increasing number of classes. Furthermore, an important outcome of this study is the fact that a recognition problem can be effectively solved by using CNNs pre-trained to different problems, thus eliminating the need of customized model design.
K.D. Apotolidis, P.S. Amanatidis, G. A. Papakostas, “Performance Evaluation of Convolutional Neural Networks for Gait Recognition,” 24th Pan-Hellenic Conference on Informatics (PCI) 2020.