Agricultural robotics has been a popular subject in recent years from an academic as well as a commercial point of view. This is because agricultural robotics addresses critical issues such as seasonal shortages in manual labor, e.g., during harvest, as well as the increasing concern regarding environmentally friendly practices. On one hand, several individual agricultural robots have already been developed for specific tasks (e.g., for monitoring, spraying, harvesting, transport, etc.) with varying degrees of effectiveness. On the other hand, the use of cooperative teams of agricultural robots in farming tasks is not as widespread; yet, it is an emerging trend. This paper presents a comprehensive overview of the work carried out so far in the area of cooperative agricultural robotics and identifies the state-of-the-art. This paper also outlines challenges to be addressed in fully automating agricultural production; the latter is promising for sustaining an increasingly vast human population, especially in cases of pandemics such as the recent COVID-19 pandemic.
C. Lytridis, V. G. Kaburlasos, T. Pachidis, M. Manios, E. Vrochidou, T. Kalampokas, S. Chatzistamatis, “An overview of cooperative robotics in agriculture”, Agronomy 2021, vol. 11, iss. 9, 1818; https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/11/9/1818 (Open Access). (Special Issue on “Worldwide Trends in Agronomy Research: Bibliometric Studies”. Guest Editors: Prof. Dr. Francisco Manzano Agugliaro, Dr. Esther Salmerón-Manzano)